|All that is
left of Luina are the culverts and
bitumen on roads. There are no houses.
Ghost mining town on the isolated west coast.
Located 131 km north of Queenstown, 89 km south
of Burnie and 21 km east of Savage River, Luina
was once a tiny tin mining town on the Whyte
River which has twice come into existence as a
result of the osmiridium, gold, silver-lead,
copper and tin deposits in the area. Today it is
nothing more than a few streets, some gutters
and culverts and places where once there were
houses. It can be located on the south side of
the Whyte River.
Luina was originally developed as a township
in 1898 when, following the discovery of copper
and tin, miners were brought in to extract the
valuable minerals. Shortly after the Whyte River
was the scene of a brief gold rush. But all this
activity was short-lived. By the end of World
War I the copper-tin mining operation had closed
down and it wasn't until 1967, when Cleveland
Tin NL poured millions of dollars into the area
and built a company town of over 60 houses, that
Luina returned to life. The basis of the town's
economic success was the establishment of the
Mount Cleveland Tin Mine. By the early 1970s
Cleveland Tin NL had become the second largest
tin producer in Australia.
In his informative book The West Coast Story,
Kerry Pink outlines the production capacity of
the Mt Cleveland mine. 'The Cleveland mine has a
production capacity of about 450 000 tonnes of
ore a year for the recovery of about 1500 tonnes
of tin in concentrate and about 500 tonnes of
copper concentrate. The average head grade of
its ore is now 0.65 per cent tin and 0.22 per
cent copper. Proved and indicated ore reserves
are about 2 million tonnes.'
In spite of these figures the production of
the mine was always marginal and when the
International Tin Agreement reduced production
to 40 per cent of capacity, the mine was forced
to close. .
Things to see:
Bushwalking in the area
While the tourist appeal of the town is limited
there are excellent bushwalks to the top of
Mount Cleveland (a twin peaked mountain rising
to 857m), there are swimming and picnic
facilities on both the Whyte and Heazlewood
Rivers. It is now defined simply as the
"Aberfoyle Resources Revegetation Project".
Accommodation and Eating
No accommodation or eating facilities are